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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional sites of glia-derived nexin (GDN): importance of the site reacting with the protease.

Glia-derived nexin (GDN) is a 43-kDa serine protease inhibitor with neurite promoting activity in mouse neuroblastoma cells (Guenther et al., 1985). In chick sympathetic neurons, GDN but not hirudin and synthetic peptide inhibitors promoted neurite outgrowth (Zurn et al., 1988). Thus, it was considered that the protease inhibitory activity cannot account for the total biological activity of GDN. We show here that synthetic peptide inhibitors with thrombin specificity mimic GDN at similar concentrations in neuroblastoma cells. Limited proteolysis of GDN with elastase causes a cleavage between sites P1 and P2, corresponding to residues Ala-344-Arg-345 of the molecule. The resulting fragments still copurify on heparin-Sepharose, but the protease inhibitor activity of GDN and the GDN neurite promoting activity are lost. The results confirm the necessity of an intact reactive site for the biological activity of GDN.[1]


  1. Functional sites of glia-derived nexin (GDN): importance of the site reacting with the protease. Nick, H., Hofsteenge, J., Shaw, E., Rovelli, G., Monard, D. Biochemistry (1990) [Pubmed]
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