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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro therapeutic targeting of neuroblastomas using 125I-labelled meta-iodobenzylguanidine.

The use of labelled radiopharmaceuticals such as metaiodobenzylguanidine (m-IBG) enables neuroblastomas and other malignant cells from neural crests to be visualized. In vitro study of cellular incorporation into human neuroblastoma lines (SK-N-SH, SK-N-MC, LAN I) showed that only the SK-N-SH line retained iodine-125 m-IBG (125I-m-IBG) significantly. Fifty-five percent of the initial activity was retained after 1 hr incubation at a concentration of 10(-7) M of m-IBG (specific activity: 1,480 MBq/mg). Beyond this value, m-IBG uptake mechanisms were saturated. Study of release kinetics showed a rapid first phase (50% released after 4 hr) and a slower second phase (30% of the value retained at the equilibrium point was present after 48 hr), indicating the existence of a storage compartment. Autoradiography studies confirmed the intracytoplasmic localization of m-IBG and showed that a low percentage (3 to 5%) of SK-N-SH cells strongly retained m-IBG. Cytotoxicity tests showed that SK-N-SH cell growth was significantly reduced during the first days of culture, following 2 hr incubation with 1,500 KBq of 125I-m-IBG, whereas no toxic effect on SK-N-MC cells was found at the same activity. Moreover, the toxic effect observed in the SK-N-SH line was clearly related to the use of 125I-m-IBG since the same activity of 1,500 KBq of non-coupled 125I was without effect. For the latter line, colony-forming capacity was reduced for activities of 150 and 1,500 KBq of 125I-m-IBG, with respectively 32% and 38% lower survival rates. The cytotoxic effect of labelled m-IBG was, however, limited in non-saturating concentrations because the specific activity used was too low. Moreover, the low number of cells reconcentrating m-IBG is indicative of the heterogeneous cellular composition of the SK-N-SH line.[1]


  1. In vitro therapeutic targeting of neuroblastomas using 125I-labelled meta-iodobenzylguanidine. Guerreau, D., Thedrez, P., Fritsch, P., Saccavini, J.C., Metivier, H., Nolibe, D., Masse, R., Coornaert, S., Chatal, J.F. Int. J. Cancer (1990) [Pubmed]
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