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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Topographical localization of peroxisomal acyl-CoA ligases: differential localization of palmitoyl-CoA and lignoceroyl-CoA ligases.

We found that peroxisomal lignoceroyl-CoA ligase, like palmitoyl-CoA ligase, is present in the peroxisomal membrane whereas the peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzyme system is localized in the matrix. To further define the role of peroxisomal acyl-CoA ligases (membrane component) in providing acyl-CoA for peroxisomal beta-oxidation, we examined the transverse topographical localization of enzymatic sites of palmitoyl-CoA and lignoceroyl-CoA ligases in the peroxisomal membranes. The disruption of peroxisomes by various techniques resulted in the release of a "latent" pool of lignoceroyl-CoA ligase activity while palmitoyl-CoA ligase activity remained the same. Proteolytic enzyme treatment inhibited palmitoyl-CoA ligase activity in intact peroxisomes but had no effect on lignoceroyl-CoA ligase activity. Lignoceroyl-CoA ligase activity was inhibited only if peroxisomes were disrupted with detergent before trypsin treatment. Antibodies to palmitoyl-CoA ligase and to peroxisomal membrane proteins (PMP) inhibited palmitoyl-CoA ligase in intact peroxisomes, and no pool of "latent" activity appeared when antibody-treated peroxisomes were disrupted with detergent. On the other hand, disruption of PMP antibody-treated peroxisomes with detergent resulted in the appearance of a "latent" pool of lignoceroyl-CoA ligase activity. These results demonstrate that the enzymatic site of palmitoyl-CoA ligase is on the cytoplasmic surface whereas that for lignoceroyl-CoA ligase is on the luminal surface of peroxisomal membranes. This implies that palmitoyl-CoA is synthesized on the cytoplasmic surface and is then transferred to the matrix through the peroxisomal membrane for beta-oxidation in the matrix.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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