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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Xanthosine-5'-phosphate amidotransferase from Escherichia coli.

The purified enzyme xanthosine-5'-monophosphate (XMP) aminase from Escherichia coli strain B-96 is shown to possess catalytic activity with either glutamine or ammonia as a substrate. This enzyme, which possesses identical subunits, has the following properties: (a) a pH optimum of 8.3 for both aminase and amidotransferase; (b) an apparent K-m for both glutamine and NH3 of 1 mM; (c) an amidotransferase that is approximately 2 times more active than the aminase; (d) a linear relationship between velocity and enzyme concentrationfor both activities; (e) inhibition of both activities by the glutamine analogue 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine, but the amidotransferase is more sensitive than the aminase; and (f) inhbiition of both activities by the adenosine analogue, psicofuranine, but again the amidotransferase activity is more sensitive than the aminase. The so-called XMP aminase from the E. coli mutant B-24-1 also has been examined in both crude extracts nad ammonium sulfate fractions and the following data have been obtained: (a) both preparations of enzyme contain aminase and amidotransferase activity; (b) both activities have the same substrate requirements; (c) the pH optima for both activities in the crude extract are identical with those found with the purified enzyme preparation; and (d) the amidotransferase activity in the crude extract and the ammonium sulfate fractions is 2- to 3-fold more active than the aminase. These data demonstrate that this enzyme from E. coli is not strictly a XMP aminase but is, in fact, an amidotransferase capable of utilizing either glutamine or NH3 as a substrate.[1]


  1. Xanthosine-5'-phosphate amidotransferase from Escherichia coli. Patel, N., Moyed, H.S., Kane, J.F. J. Biol. Chem. (1975) [Pubmed]
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