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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Growth and differentiation of murine cartilage cells in vitro following a short-term exposure to triamcinolone acetonide.

Measurements of 3H-thymidine incorporation, quantitative autoradiography and morphometry were used to evaluate cell behavior during the recovery of mandibular condylar cartilage cultures following short-term exposure to a corticosteroid hormone in vitro. Apical segments of mandibular condyles of newborn mice were initially incubated in the presence of the hormone triamcinolone acetonide (10(-6) M) for 24 h and were thereafter cultured for additional 6 days in hormone-free medium. The present results indicated that the treatment led to a decrease in the rate of incorporation of 3H-thymidine, a feature that lasted for 48 h following the removal of the hormone. Quantitative 3H-thymidine autoradiography of explants that were labeled in the presence of the hormone further substantiated the initial suppressive effect of the hormone on cellular proliferation, a feature that was followed by a recovery. Differences were noted in the pattern of distribution of labeled cells: in control explants, labeled cells progressively moved from the chondroprogenitor compartment into the differentiated portion of the cartilage; in hormone-treated explants, 3H-thymidine labeled cells were confined to the progenitor layer up to 5 days after the treatment and only then appeared in the chondrocytic compartment. The hormone's adverse effect upon differentiation was manifested by both morphology, and by causing a significant increase in the size of the progenitor layer (up to 50.5% on 4th post-treatment day) along with a 70.5% reduction in the size of chondroblastic layer. We conclude that a short-term exposure to a glucocorticoid hormone in vitro interferes with proliferation of chondroprogenitor cells and their subsequent differentiative pathway.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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