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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Metabolism and disposition of benzidine in the dog.

The dog is an animal model for assessing aromatic amine-induced bladder cancer. For this reason, metabolism and disposition of benzidine in dog was assessed. Dogs were administered a 1 mg/kg i.v. dose of [3H]benzidine (16.4 mCi/mmol). The plasma t1/2 of the radiolabeled material (benzidine plus metabolites) was significantly longer (approximately 3 h) than authentic benzidine (less than 30 min). During the 5 h experiment, the majority of radiolabel was associated with bile, urine and carcass. Bladder transitional epithelium exhibited a consistently higher concentration of bound radioactivity than bladder muscle. A significant amount of binding was observed in DNA from liver, kidney and bladder. DNA from bladder transitional epithelium exhibited the highest concentration of radioactivity. Approximately 30% of the radioactivity recovered following HPLC of urine or bile was identified as unmetabolized benzidine. 3-Hydroxybenzidine was a major metabolite identified in bile (8%) but not urine. Urine samples treated with acid, base or sulfatase yielded 3-hydroxybenzidine (6%) as a major hydrolysis product. Similar treatment of bile samples did not result in increased amounts of 3-hydroxybenzidine. Neither N-acetylated nor N-methylated metabolites of benzidine were observed in urine or bile. Thus, considerable metabolism of benzidine occurs in dogs by pathways that are yet to be determined.[1]


  1. Metabolism and disposition of benzidine in the dog. Lakshmi, V.M., Mattammal, M.B., Spry, L.A., Kadlubar, F.F., Zenser, T.V., Davis, B.B. Carcinogenesis (1990) [Pubmed]
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