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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Experimental in ovo transmission of duck hepatitis B virus.

Inoculation of fertile Pekin duck eggs with diluted serum containing DHBV into eggs incubated for 24 h and into the extra-embryonic cavities of 14-day-old embryos resulted in a high proportion of viraemic ducklings irrespective of the route of inoculation. Long-term observation of som of the ducks established that the viraemia induced experimentally is long-lasting and has persisted for periods up to 16 mth post-hatch. Separation of DHBV from the plasma of carrier ducks by rate zonal centrifugation was examined by DNA polymerase (DNAP) activity. Particles in the fraction with peak DNAP activity had a buoyant density of 1.16 g X cm-3 in sucrose and an estimated sedimentation coefficient, S20.w of 77. DHBV particles, the morphology of which could be resolved under the electron microscope, consisted of a coat (about 10 nm in thickness) surrounding a core with a diameter measuring 40 nm but not 27 nm as previously reported. Spike-like projections were found on the surface of the core as described previously by W.S. Mason, G. Seal and J. Summers, 1980, J. Virol. 36, 829-836.[1]


  1. Experimental in ovo transmission of duck hepatitis B virus. Tsiquaye, K.N., Rapicetta, M., McCaul, T.F., Zuckerman, A.J. J. Virol. Methods (1985) [Pubmed]
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