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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Combinations of interferon-gamma and retinoic acid or 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol induce differentiation of the human monoblast leukemia cell line U-937.

The monoblastlike leukemia cell line, U-937, is induced to differentiate into monocytelike cells by incubation with 200-500 U/ml of recombinant human immune interferon (IFN-gamma) judging from capacity to reduce nitroblue tetrazolium. At least an additive differentiation-inducing effect was found between IFN-gamma and 1-100 nM retinoic acid (RA). A marked synergistic differentiation-inducing effect was found between IFN-gamma and 0.1-1.0 nM 1 alpha,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25[OH]2D3). It is also shown that U-937 can be primed for differentiation by treatment for approximately one day with 1,25(OH)2D3 followed by exposure to IFN-gamma. Priming of these cells does not depend on the normal rate of RNA synthesis, as it occurs even better in the presence of cordycepin, suggesting that a decrease in RNA synthesis favors IFN-induced differentiation. Actually, the addition of cordycepin during initial incubation with IFN increased the subsequent response to IFN-gamma (and also to RA and 1,25[OH]2D3). These results, indicating that combinations of IFN-gamma and either RA or 1,25(OH)2D3 induce differentiation of U-937, may be of importance in combination biotherapy of leukemia.[1]


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