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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

5-Azacytidine: survival and induction of the SOS response in Escherichia coli K-12.

Survival and induction of the SOS system by 5-azacytidine, an analog of cytidine, were studied in Escherichia coli K-12. This compound did not produce any effect on the viability of dcm and dam dcm mutants. Furthermore, recA430 and lexA1 strains (both mutations interfere with LexA repressor cleavage but not recombination proficiency) were more resistant than the wild-type strain of E. coli K-12. In contrast, recBC and recA13 mutants were more sensitive to 5-azacytidine than the wild type. Transient exposure of E. coli to 5-azacytidine for 60 min induced both recA-dependent inhibition of cell division and induction of lambda prophage in Dcm+ strains but not in Dcm- mutants. Expression of both functions was dependent on recBC exonuclease. On the other hand, 5-azacytidine was unable to trigger the induction of umuCD and mucB genes and no amplification of RecA protein synthesis in either Dcm+ or Dcm- strains was observed. These last results are in agreement with previously reported data suggesting that there is a discrimination in the expression of the several SOS functions and that some SOS genes may be induced without amplification of RecA protein synthesis.[1]


  1. 5-Azacytidine: survival and induction of the SOS response in Escherichia coli K-12. Barbé, J., Gibert, I., Guerrero, R. Mutat. Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
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