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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulated expression of differentiation-associated keratins in cultured epidermal cells detected by monospecific antibodies to unique peptides of mouse epidermal keratins.

Monospecific antibodies to mouse epidermal keratins were generated in rabbits and guinea pigs by injecting synthetic peptides of unique keratin sequences. The sequences were deduced from nucleotide sequences of cDNA clones representing basal (K14) and suprabasal (K1 and K10) cell-specific and hyperproliferative (K6) keratins of both the type-I and type-II subclasses. By applying single-and double-label immunofluorescence analysis, the expression of keratin peptides was analyzed in cultured keratinocytes maintained in the basal or suprabasal cell phenotypes. These cell types were selected by growth in medium containing 0.05 mM Ca2+ (basal cell) or 1.4 mM Ca2+ (suprabasal cell). The cultured basal cells expressed K6 and K14, but less than 1% expressed K1 and K10. Within a few hours after being placed in 1.4 mM Ca2+, K1 expression was observed, and by 24 h, 10%-17% of the cells expressed K1. K10 expression appeared to lag behind K1 expression, with only 5%-10% of cells in 1.4 mM Ca2+ exhibiting K10 immunoreactivity. Double-labeling studies indicated that virtually all K10-positive cells also expressed K1, while only about one-half of the K1-positive cells expressed K10. The treatment of basal cells with retinoic acid at pharmacological concentrations prevented the expression of K1 and K10 when cells were challenged by 1.4 mM Ca2+. Similarly, the introduction of the v-rasH oncogene into basal cells by a defective retroviral vector prevented the expression of suprabasal keratins in 1.4 mM Ca2+ medium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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