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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pulmonary artery banding: analysis of a 25-year experience.

A 25-year experience (May 1962 through April 1987) with pulmonary artery banding in 183 patients was reviewed and analyzed. Pulmonary artery banding was performed in a heterogeneous group of patients aged two days to 60 months (median, 10 weeks; mean, 21.8 weeks) and weighing 1.4 to 13.8 kg (mean, 4.2 kg). Diagnosis was ventricular septal defect in 76 (41.5%) and atrioventricular communis in 41 (22.4%). Pulmonary artery banding was also used in patients with d-transposition of the great vessels with ventricular septal defect, double-outlet right ventricle, univentricular heart, tricuspid atresia, and truncus arteriosus. Early death occurred in 39 of 175 patients who underwent pulmonary artery banding at Ochsner Foundation Hospital (22.3%). Definitive operation has been performed in 37 of the patients who underwent pulmonary artery banding since 1979 with excellent outcome in 32 (86.5%). Pulmonary artery banding is a useful palliative procedure for a diverse group of patients with congenital cardiac anomalies and unrestricted pulmonary blood flow. With improved results of primary repair of intracardiac anomalies in small infants, however, pulmonary artery banding should be reserved for severely ill patients with complex lesions not amenable to early definitive correction. Currently, pulmonary artery banding is indicated in patients with excessive pulmonary blood flow and single ventricle or tricuspid atresia. Pulmonary artery banding is also appropriate in certain patients with atrioventricular communis and in patients with muscular or multiple ventricular septal defects. Pulmonary artery banding is an option in patients with ventricular septal defect and coarctation of the aorta.[1]


  1. Pulmonary artery banding: analysis of a 25-year experience. Horowitz, M.D., Culpepper, W.S., Williams, L.C., Sundgaard-Riise, K., Ochsner, J.L. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1989) [Pubmed]
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