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Mechanical properties of BIS- GMA resin short glass fiber composites.

The use of short glass fibers as a filler for dental restorations or cement resins have not been examined extensively. The mechanical properties and untreated glass fibers (5 microns dia x 25 microns) in Bis-phenol A glycidyl methacrylate ( BIS- GMA) diluted with triethylene-glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) resin were investigated for possible use as a restorative dental composite or bone cement. Compression, uniaxial tension and fracture toughness tests were conducted for each filler composite mixtures of 40, 50, 60 and 70%. Set time and maximum temperature of polymerization were determined. The results show that the elastic modulus, tensile strength and compressive strength are dependent on the percent of filler content. Elastic modulus and compressive yield (0.2%) strength of silane treated glass fibers filled composite increased from 2.26 to 4.59 GPa and 43.3 to 66.6 MPa, respectively, wtih increasing the filler content while the tensile strength decreased from 26.7 to 18.6 MPa. The elastic modulus of the untreated composite was less than that of the silane treated fiber composite. The tensile strength and compressive strengths were 20 to 50% lower than those of silane treated composites. The fracture toughness of the silane treated glass fiber additions were not significantly different from the untreated additions. The highest fracture toughness was obtained at 50% filler content with 1.65 MPa m. 5. Set time increased from 3.5 to 7.7 minutes with increased filler content and peak temperature dropped from 68.3 to 34 degrees C. The results of this study indicate that the addition of silane coated glass fiber to BIS- GMA resin increased the elastic modulus, tensile and compressive strengths compared with non-treated fibers. The addition of either treated or non-treated fibers increased the set time of the material and decreased the maximum temperature.[1]


  1. Mechanical properties of BIS-GMA resin short glass fiber composites. Krause, W.R., Park, S.H., Straup, R.A. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
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