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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Physical mapping and nucleotide sequence of a herpes simplex virus type 1 gene required for capsid assembly.

In this report, we describe some phenotypic properties of a temperature-sensitive mutant of herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1) and present data concerning the physical location and nucleotide sequence of the genomic region harboring the mutation. The effect of shifts from the permissive to the nonpermissive temperature on infectious virus production by the mutant A44ts2 indicated that the mutated function is necessary throughout, or late in, the growth cycle. At the nonpermissive temperature, no major differences were detected in viral DNA or protein synthesis with respect to the parent A44ts+. On the other hand, electron microscopy of mutant-infected cells revealed that neither viral capsids nor capsid-related structures were assembled at the nonpermissive temperature. Additional analyses employing the Hirt extraction procedure showed that A44ts2 is also unable to mature replicated viral DNA into unit-length molecules under nonpermissive conditions. The results of marker rescue experiments with intact A44ts2 DNA and cloned restriction fragments of A44ts+ placed the lesion in the coordinate interval 0.553 to 0.565 (1,837 base pairs in region UL) of the HSV-1 physical map. No function has previously been assigned to this region, although it is known to be transcribed into two 5' coterminal mRNAs which code in vitro for a 54,000-molecular-weight polypeptide (K. P. Anderson, R. J. Frink, G. B. Devi, B. H. Gaylord, R. H. Costa, and E. K. Wagner, J. Virol. 37:1011-1027, 1981). We sequenced the interval 0.551 to 0.565 and found an open reading frame (ORF) for a 50,175-molecular-weight polypeptide. The predicted product of this ORF exhibits strong homology with the product of varicella-zoster virus ORF20 and lower, but significant, homology with the product of Epstein-Barr virus BORF1. For the three viruses, the corresponding ORFs lie just upstream of the gene coding for the large subunit of viral ribonucleotide reductase. The ORF described here corresponds to the ORF designated UL38 in the recently published nucleotide sequence of the HSV-1 UL region (D. J. McGeoch, M. A. Dalrymple, A. J. Davison, A. Dolan, M. C. Frame, D. McNab, L. J. Perry, J. E. Scott, and P. Taylor, J. Gen. Virol. 69:1531-1574, 1988).[1]


  1. Physical mapping and nucleotide sequence of a herpes simplex virus type 1 gene required for capsid assembly. Pertuiset, B., Boccara, M., Cebrian, J., Berthelot, N., Chousterman, S., Puvion-Dutilleul, F., Sisman, J., Sheldrick, P. J. Virol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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