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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sex-associated differences in the survival of skin grafts in rats. Enhancement of cyclosporine immunosuppression in male compared with female recipients.

Focusing on sex-difference in prolongation of allograft survival time, we have performed skin grafts between fully allogeneic rat strains, AO (RT1u) and DA (RT1a) with an immunosuppressant, cyclosporine. Isografted skins survived indefinitely, whereas allografts were severely rejected at days 7-9 without immunosuppressive treatment. When adult male DA rats received CsA (15 mg/kg/day, i.m., for 14 days postoperatively), allogeneic skin was accepted from either male or female AO rats for 38.8 +/- 20.5 days (mean survival time [MST] +/- SD) and for 44.7 +/- 43.3 days (MST +/- SD), respectively, with normal hair growth at around day 17. Additional CsA administration every 5 days after the initial short course treatment was also effective in preventing chronic rejection. Male AO rat skin grafted onto adult male DA rats survived for over 50 days as long as the treatment was carried out. In contrast, when adult female DA rats were used as recipients, only a few days' prolongation was observed in comparison with a non-treated group. The rejection always occurred, even during the initial course of treatment (MST +/- SD): 10.9 +/- 1.6 days). Younger male DA recipients, 5 and 10 weeks old, rejected AO skin within a shorter time, depending on the age. The maximal graft survival was observed when male adult rats more than 14 weeks old were used as recipients. On the other hand, the CsA serum level of female recipients at day 14 was considerably lower than that of males. However, even when the level of females was adjusted to that of males by the administration of a double dosage (30 mg/kg/day), the female recipients consistently rejected the skins (MST +/- SD: 14.5 +/- 1.9 days). Therefore, these results clearly indicate that this male-associated immunosuppressive effect depends upon the sex and age of the recipient animals.[1]


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