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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Netropsin-poly(dA-dT) complex in solution: structure and dynamics of antibiotic-free base pair regions and those centered on bound netropsin.

The biphasic duplex-to-strand transition for the netropsin.poly(dA-dT) complex, phosphate/drug mole ratio ( P/D) = 50, has been investigated by high-resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy at the nonexchangeable base and sugar protons in 0.1 M cacodylate solution. The NMR spectral parameters monitor the structure and dynamics of the opening of antibiotic-free base pair regions (55 degrees-65 degrees) and the opening of base regions centered on bound netropsin (90 degrees-100 degrees). The gradual addition of netropsin to poly(dA-dT) results in structural perturbations extending into the antibiotic-free base pair regions that begin to level off above 0.02 antibiotic molecules per polynucleotide phosphate ( P/D = 50). The NMR chemical shift parameters at the antibiotic-free base pair regions in the P/D = 50 complex suggest changes in the glycosidic torsion angles of the deoxyadenosine and thymidine residues and less pronounced changes in the base pair overlap geometries. The dissociation rates of the antibiotic-free base pair regions are at least an order of magnitude slower in the P/D = 50 netropsin.poly(dA-dT) complex compared to related parameters for poly(dA-dT) and the P/D = 50 ethidium bromide-poly(dA-dT) complex. There is decreased segmental mobility at the antibiotic-free strand regions in the temperature range (65 degrees-90 degrees) between the two transitions in the biphasic melting curve of the P/D = 50 netropsin-poly(dA-dT) complex. Netropsin stabilizes at least five base pairs, with their center at its binding site.[1]


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