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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bovine placental lactogen stimulates DNA synthesis of bovine mammary tissue maintained in athymic nude mice.

Mammary tissue from five midpregnant heifers was transplanted subcutaneously into ovariectomized athymic mice (eight pieces/mouse). After a recovery period of 19 days, mice were injected daily for 5 days with buffer (50 mM NH4HCO3, pH 7.8) as control, 17 beta-estradiol (1 micrograms) plus progesterone (1 mg). Concurrently with the buffer or steroid hormone injections, mice were injected with bovine placental lactogen (0, 5, or 25 micrograms), bovine prolactin (0, 3.4, or 17.2 micrograms), or bovine growth hormone (0, 3.4, or 17.2 micrograms). All mice were injected with 2-bromo-alpha-ergocryptine (0.1 mg/day). Transplanted bovine mammary tissue was incubated for 4 hr in minimum essential medium containing 1 mu Ci/ml [3H]TdR. Two pieces were processed for autoradiography and the others were used for DNA assay and total [3H]TdR uptake. Bovine placental lactogen, prolactin, and growth hormone each increased [3H]TdR incorporation into DNA in a linear, dose-response manner. Addition of ovarian steroids to bPL resulted in a significant increase over protein hormones alone. Autoradiographic analysis indicated that the observed differences in DNA synthesis were due to hormonal effects on epithelial, rather than stromal, DNA synthesis. These results provide the first evidence of a mammogenic role of bovine placental lactogen.[1]


  1. Bovine placental lactogen stimulates DNA synthesis of bovine mammary tissue maintained in athymic nude mice. Vega, J.R., Sheffield, L.G., Bremel, R.D. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. (1989) [Pubmed]
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