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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A mitochondrial intergenic mutation affecting processing of specific yeast mitochondrial transcripts.

The mutation in the temperature-conditional mit- mutant h56, mapped previously to the var1 gene region of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrial DNA, results in a specific inhibition of var1 protein synthesis in cells incubated at the non-permissive temperature, 36 degrees C (1). We have now characterized the mutation present in mutant h56 by DNA sequencing and found it to be an A to T transversion located 109 nucleotides upstream of the var1 reading frame. Two spontaneous revertants of mutant h56 restore the parental strain sequence at residue -109, confirming that this single base change within the 5'-untranslated region of the var1 mRNA is responsible for defective synthesis of the var1 protein. A comparison of var1 transcripts in the parental and mutant strains has shown that the mutation specifically blocks formation of var1 mRNA at 36 degrees C and leads to accumulation of precursor transcripts. Expression of the oli1 gene, co-transcribed with the var1 gene in primary transcripts, is not affected. It is concluded that the mutation in mutant h56 alters the secondary structure of the precursor RNA, inhibiting an endonucleolytic cleavage required to generate the 5' end of var1 mRNA.[1]


  1. A mitochondrial intergenic mutation affecting processing of specific yeast mitochondrial transcripts. Smooker, P.M., Wright, J.F., Linnane, A.W., Lukins, H.B. Nucleic Acids Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
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