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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Direct analysis of beta-adrenergic receptor subtypes on intact adult ventricular myocytes of the rat.

beta 1- and beta 2-Adrenergic receptors co-exist in the adult rat ventricle. We have employed radioligand binding and cell purification techniques to determine the cellular origin of these receptors. The beta-adrenergic antagonist ligand (+/-)-[125I] iodocyanopindolol binds to 2 X 10(5) receptors per purified adult rat cardiomyocyte, with a dissociation constant of 70 pM. The subtype-selective antagonists betaxolol (beta 1), practolol (beta 1), and zinterol (beta 2) compete for [125I]iodocyanopindolol-binding sites on intact myocytes in monophasic manners with dissociation constants of 46, 845, and 923 nM, respectively. [125I]iodocyanopindolol binding to membranes prepared from nonmyocyte elements of rat ventricle occurs with a dissociation constant of 43 pM and a capacity of 88 fmol/mg membrane protein. Computer analysis of competition of [125I]iodocyanopindolol binding by betaxolol, practolol, and zinterol in nonmyocyte membranes demonstrates biphasic curves that comprise binding to both beta 1- and beta 2-receptors. These data demonstrate that purified adult ventricular myocytes possess only beta 1-receptors, and that the beta 2-receptors found in rat ventricle are located on nonmyocyte cell types.[1]


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