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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vecuronium kinetics and dynamics in anesthetized infants and children.

Vecuronium kinetics and dynamics were determined in five infants (3 to 11 months old) and five children (1 to 5 years old) during anesthesia with 70% nitrous oxide and 0.9 MAC halothane. Vecuronium was infused intravenously at a rate of 2.5 micrograms/kg/min while twitch tension of the adductor pollicis muscle was recorded and venous blood samples were drawn for determination of vecuronium concentrations by mass spectrometry. The elimination t1/2 was determined by linear regression of the log postdistribution concentration-time data; these values and noncompartmental techniques were used to calculate total plasma clearance (Cl), volume of distribution at steady state (Vdss), and mean residence time. The steady-state plasma concentration resulting in 50% depression of twitch tension (Cpss50) was determined by an effect compartment and a sigmoid concentration vs. paralysis model. Vdss was larger in infants (357 +/- 70 ml/kg; mean +/- SD) than in children (204 +/- 116 ml/kg), and Cl was of the same order for infants and children (5.6 +/- 1.0 and 5.9 +/- 2.4 ml/kg/min). Mean residence time was longer in infants (66.3 +/- 22.9 minutes) than in children (34.3 +/- 8.0 minutes). Cpss50 was lower in infants (57 +/- 18 ng/ml) than in children (110 +/- 28 ng/ml). The quantity of vecuronium in the body at steady state at 50% depression of twitch tension (Vdss X Cpss50) was similar in infants and children (21.2 +/- 9.9 and 19.0 +/- 3.3 micrograms/kg). During comparable nitrous oxide-halothane anesthesia, age-related changes in Vdss, Cl, and Cpss50 were much like those found for d-tubocurarine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Vecuronium kinetics and dynamics in anesthetized infants and children. Fisher, D.M., Castagnoli, K., Miller, R.D. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1985) [Pubmed]
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