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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Loprazolam. A preliminary review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic efficacy in insomnia.

Loprazolam is a 1,4-benzodiazepine with hypnotic properties, advocated for use in acute or chronic insomnia. As loprazolam has a half-life of 7 to 8 hours in healthy adults it may have advantages over longer-acting hypnotics, particularly when residual sedative effects on the day after ingestion are undesirable, although at doses greater than 1 mg residual sedation may occur. In addition, it may reduce daytime anxiety, following a hypnotic dose the night before, more effectively than the short-acting drug, triazolam. In short term comparative studies loprazolam was clearly superior to placebo, and was at least as effective as triazolam, flurazepam, nitrazepam, flunitrazepam or temazepam in hastening sleep onset, reducing nocturnal awakenings and increasing total sleep duration and quality. In the small number of patients with chronic insomnia who have received extended treatment with loprazolam, no evidence of tolerance has occurred, although rebound insomnia was evident 3 days after drug withdrawal in several studies. Thus, with its 'intermediate' elimination half-life, loprazolam would appear to have some potential advantages over both long- and short-acting hypnotics in selected patients, although further studies are needed to fully elucidate its place in therapy.[1]


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