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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

KRAS2 as a genetic marker for lung tumor susceptibility in inbred mice.

An Eco-RI restriction fragment length polymorphism occurring in a DNA fragment containing the first exon of the murine KRAS2 gene was shown to correlate with the inherited susceptibility of inbred strains of mice to urethan ( CAS: 51-79-6)-induced pulmonary adenomas. Eco-RI digestion of murine DNA yielded four KRAS2-specific fragments. Polymorphic variation occurred in the smallest molecular-weight fragment with alleles of either 0.70 or 0.55 kb in size. Genotyping of 14 inbred strains of mice revealed a correlation between KRAS2 Eco-RI polymorphic variation and the differential susceptibility among inbred strains to development of pulmonary adenomas. Strains with a high incidence of pulmonary adenomas, either spontaneously occurring or in response to carcinogen induction, had the 0.55-kb KRAS2 allele whereas adenoma-resistant strains had the 0.70-kb allele. Analysis of a series of recombinant inbred strains (AXB, BXA) that developed from reciprocal crosses between a highly susceptible strain (A/J) and a highly resistant strain (C57BL/6J) revealed a statistically significant threefold difference in lung tumor susceptibility on the basis of KRAS2 genotype. Further analysis of individual F2 mice of a C57BL/6 female X A/J male cross also demonstrated a threefold difference in tumor susceptibility on the basis of KRAS2 allelic variation.[1]


  1. KRAS2 as a genetic marker for lung tumor susceptibility in inbred mice. Ryan, J., Barker, P.E., Nesbitt, M.N., Ruddle, F.H. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1987) [Pubmed]
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