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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Enhancement of fluorinated pyrimidine-induced cytotoxicity by leucovorin in human colorectal carcinoma cell lines.

Reduced folates have been shown to increase the cytotoxicity of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by stabilizing the 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine-5'-monophosphate-thymidylate synthase complex, thus increasing the block in the DNA synthetic pathway. Using an in vitro colorimetric [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] cytotoxicity assay, we tested the effects of 5-FU and 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd) with and without leucovorin (LV) on a panel of 11 human colorectal carcinoma cell lines. The effect of LV on 5-FU and FdUrd was quantitatively similar. A clinically achievable level of LV (20 microM) increased the cytotoxicity in all three replicate experiments in 10 of the 11 cell lines (P less than .05, binomial test). LV alone at a concentration of 20 microM had no effect on cell survival. In three cell lines, 50% inhibition of growth occurred at a clinically achievable area under the curve of 5-FU alone. With the addition of LV, one additional cell line showed 50% growth inhibition at a clinically achievable level of 5-FU. Hence large clinical trials may be necessary to detect a significant improvement in survival as a result of adding LV to the fluorinated pyrimidines.[1]

References

  1. Enhancement of fluorinated pyrimidine-induced cytotoxicity by leucovorin in human colorectal carcinoma cell lines. Park, J.G., Collins, J.M., Gazdar, A.F., Allegra, C.J., Steinberg, S.M., Greene, R.F., Kramer, B.S. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1988) [Pubmed]
 
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