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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Primary characterization of the protein products of the Escherichia coli ompB locus: structure and regulation of synthesis of the OmpR and EnvZ proteins.

The ompB operon of Escherichia coli contains the structural genes for two proteins, OmpR and EnvZ, which control the osmoregulated biosynthesis of the porin proteins OmpF and OmpC. By inserting XbaI octamer linkers into the cloned ompB locus, four distinct frameshift mutants were isolated and subsequently characterized for their OmpR and EnvZ protein products and their outer membrane porin phenotype. In a minicell expression system, the wild-type products of the ompR and envZ genes were found to be approximately 28 and 50 kilodaltons in size, respectively, whereas the mutant proteins were either truncated or extended due to the frame shift. The identity of the envZ gene product was confirmed by immunoprecipitation. M13 dideoxy sequencing of the DNA around the wild-type ompR- envZ junction revealed an error in the sequence published for this operon; the complete corrected sequence is presented. A sequence, ATGA, was found that forms the termination codon for the OmpR reading frame and a possible initiation codon for the EnvZ protein; these sequences are consistent with the sizes of the proteins observed after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The translational activity of this ATG codon was confirmed by fusing the lacZ gene in frame with the putative EnvZ coding sequence. The implications of these results are discussed with respect to the regulation of synthesis of the ompB gene products.[1]


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