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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ligand binding to (Na,K)-ATPase labeled with 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein.

The equilibrium binding of sodium, potassium, and adenine nucleotides to dog kidney (Na,K)-ATPase was studied by measuring changes in the fluorescence of enzyme labeled with 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein (5-IAF). The intensity of the fluorescence emission at 520 nm of the bound fluorescein (excited at 490 nm) is increased by ATP, adenyl-5'-yl imidodiphosphate (AMP-PNP), ADP (but not AMP), and Na+, and decreased by K+, Rb+, NH+4, and LI+. Thus the fluorescence effects correlate with the ability of these groups of ligands to stabilize E1 and E2 conformations, respectively. The Na+-induced increase in fluorescence has two components: a slow, high-affinity increase of approximately 7% (K0.5 = 0.16 mM) with positive cooperativity; and a large (approximately 15%), rapid, low-affinity (K0.5 = 34 mM) increase that is not cooperative. The K0.5 for the high-affinity effect is decreased by oligomycin and increased by K+. ATP effects on the fluorescence follow Michaelis-Menten kinetics and are of high affinity (K0.5 = 0.12 microM); K+ increases the K0.5 for ATP, AMP-PNP, and ADP but does not induce cooperative behavior. K+ itself decreases the fluorescence signal by about 9%, with high affinity (K0.5 = 5 microM), showing Michaelis-menten behavior in the absence of other ligands, while with ATP, Na+, or Mg2+ present, K+ effects are cooperative and of lower affinity.[1]


  1. Ligand binding to (Na,K)-ATPase labeled with 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein. Kapakos, J.G., Steinberg, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1986) [Pubmed]
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