The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sendai virus induced leakage of liposomes containing gangliosides.

Sendai virus induced liposome leakage has been studied by using liposomes containing a self-quenching fluorescent dye, calcein. The liposomes used in this study were prepared by a freeze and thaw method and were composed of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and phosphatidylethanolamine (1:2.60:1.48 molar ratio) as well as various amounts of gangliosides and cholesterol. The leakage rate was calculated from the fluorescence increment as the entrapped calcein leaked out of the liposomal compartment and was diluted into the media. It was shown that the target liposome leakage was virus dose dependent. Trypsin-treated Sendai virus in which the F protein had been quantitatively removed did not induce liposome leakage, indicating that the leakage was a direct result of F-protein interaction with the target bilayer membrane. The activation energy of this process was approximately 12 kcal/ mol below 17 degrees C and approximately 25 kcal/ mol above 17 degrees C. Gangliosides GM1, GD1a, and GT1b could serve as viral receptor under appropriate conditions. Liposome leakage showed a bell-shaped curve dependence on the concentration of ganglioside in the liposomes. No leakage was observed if the ganglioside content was too low or too high. Inclusion of cholesterol in the liposome bilayer suppressed the leakage rate of liposomes containing GD1a. It is speculated that the liposome leakage is a consequence of fusion between Sendai virus and liposomes.[1]


  1. Sendai virus induced leakage of liposomes containing gangliosides. Tsao, Y.S., Huang, L. Biochemistry (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities