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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enzymatic phosphorylation of the antiherpetic agent 9-[(2,3-dihydroxy-1-propoxy)methyl]guanine.

The antiherpetic agent 9-[(2,3-dihydroxy-1-propoxy)methyl]guanine (iNDG) is phosphorylated by HSV1 thymidine kinase, and its phosphorylated products inhibit DNA polymerase activity. iNDG exists in two enantiomeric forms, each with a primary and a secondary hydroxyl; thus, a number of possibilities for preferential phosphorylation exist, which were explored in this study. HSV1 thymidine kinase phosphorylates the primary hydroxyl of both the R and the S isomers of iNDG. This was established by comparison with analogues in which either the primary or the secondary hydroxyl was replaced by fluorine or hydrogen and also by a study of the NMR spectrum of the monophosphate. GMP kinase phosphorylates the R and the S monophosphates to the respective diphosphates. Further phosphorylation, however, is much more efficient with the S than with the R isomer. Furthermore, (S)-iNDG triphosphate is a more potent inhibitor of HSV1 DNA polymerase than (R)-iNDG triphosphate. These differences in the biochemical specificities of the two isomers account for the observed higher antiviral potency of (S)-iNDG as compared to that of (R)-iNDG.[1]


  1. Enzymatic phosphorylation of the antiherpetic agent 9-[(2,3-dihydroxy-1-propoxy)methyl]guanine. Karkas, J.D., Ashton, W.T., Canning, L.F., Liou, R., Germershausen, J., Bostedor, R., Arison, B., Field, A.K., Tolman, R.L. J. Med. Chem. (1986) [Pubmed]
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