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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stress induced right ventricular dysfunction: an indication of reversible right ventricular ischaemia.

Stress induced changes in left ventricular ejection fraction are widely used in the detection and assessment of coronary artery disease. This study demonstrates that right ventricular dysfunction may also occur, and assesses its significance in terms of coronary artery anatomy. This study involved 14 normal subjects and 26 with coronary artery disease investigated by equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography, at rest and during maximal dynamic exercise. Mean normal resting right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) was 0.40 (SD 0.118), and all normal subjects increased RVEF with stress (mean delta RVEF + 0.13 SD 0.099). Mean delta RVEF in the subjects with coronary artery disease was significantly lower at 0.00 (SD 0.080), but there was overlap between the two groups. The largest falls in RVEF were seen if the right coronary artery was occluded without retrograde filling. In this subgroup with the most severely compromised right ventricular perfusion (nine subjects), RVEF always fell with stress, and mean delta RVEF was -0.08 (SD 0.050). There was no significant correlation between delta LVEF and delta RVEF, implying that the right ventricular dysfunction was due to right ventricular ischaemia, rather than secondary to left ventricular dysfunction. Stress induced right ventricular ischaemia can therefore be detected readily by radionuclide ventriculography.[1]


  1. Stress induced right ventricular dysfunction: an indication of reversible right ventricular ischaemia. Underwood, S.R., Campos Costa, D., Walton, S., Laming, P.J., Ell, P.J., Emanuel, R.W., Swanton, R.H. European journal of nuclear medicine. (1987) [Pubmed]
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