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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Purification and structural characterization of intact and fragmented nidogen obtained from a tumor basement membrane.

Extraction of a basement-membrane-producing mouse tumor with 6 M guanidine/HCl in the presence of protease inhibitors allowed the purification of the genuine form of the matrix protein nidogen (Mr = 150,000) and, in addition, two defined fragments (Mr = 130,000 and 100,000). Smaller fragments (Mr = 80,000 and 40,000) were obtained under conditions with less stringent control of endogenous proteolysis. Intact nidogen and the larger fragments were similar in amino acid and carbohydrate (about 5%) composition, the presence of a single polypeptide chain, conformational features as revealed by CD spectroscopy and all shared major epitopes located on the Mr = 80,000 fragment. Additional epitopes were found on intact nidogen and the Mr = 130,000 fragment. Nidogen and the various fragments possess different N-terminal amino acid sequences indicating a stepwise degradation from the N-terminal end of the molecule. Electron microscopical and hydrodynamic studies of the Mr = 80,000 fragment demonstrated a structure consisting of a globular head connected to a thin tail. Intact nidogen appears to contain a somewhat larger globule but the same tail, which is terminated at its opposite end by a second, smaller globular structure. The data suggest a multidomain structure for nidogen containing sites highly susceptible to proteolytic cleavage.[1]

References

  1. Purification and structural characterization of intact and fragmented nidogen obtained from a tumor basement membrane. Paulsson, M., Deutzmann, R., Dziadek, M., Nowack, H., Timpl, R., Weber, S., Engel, J. Eur. J. Biochem. (1986) [Pubmed]
 
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