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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protein synthesis in Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Two mechanisms for guanine nucleotide exchange on eukaryotic initiation factor 2.

The mechanism for guanine nucleotide exchange with eukaryotic initiation factor-2 ( eIF-2) from Drosophila melanogaster embryos was studied using the reaction eIF-2 X [3H]GDP + GDP (GTP) in equilibrium eIF-2 X GDP (GTP) + [3H]GDP. When highly purified eIF-2 is used the rate of nucleotide exchange is greatly reduced by Mg2+ and this reduction is overcome by the guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor (GEF) of rabbit reticulocytes. This GEF-dependent exchange is inhibited when Drosophila eIF-2 is either phosphorylated by the hemin-controlled inhibitor (HCI) of rabbit reticulocytes or treated with phosphatidylserine or a rabbit eIF-2 X phosphatidylserine complex. The Mg2+ impairment of guanine nucleotide exchange is less severe when highly purified eIF-2 is incubated at a higher temperature (37 degrees C) and is not observed at any temperature if partially purified eIF-2 is used instead of the highly purified factor. In the latter two cases the exchange is not inhibited by either phosphorylation with HCI or phospholipid treatment of Drosophila eIF-2, possibly suggesting that the observed exchange is not mediated by a GEF-like factor. Our data support two possible mechanisms for GDP/GTP exchange with Drosophila embryos eIF-2: a GEF-dependent exchange, similar to that described in rabbit reticulocytes, which may be regulated by phosphorylation of eIF-2, and a factor-independent exchange which appears to be insensitive to this type of control.[1]


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