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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Golgi study of the primate substantia nigra. II. Spatial organization of dendritic arborizations in relation to the cytoarchitectonic boundaries and to the striatonigral bundle.

The spatial organization of Golgi-stained dendritic arborizations of the substantia nigra was studied in three dimensions by using a video computer system. Dendritic orientation was analyzed in relation to the cytoarchitectonic boundaries and to the direction of the axons of the striato-pallidonigral bundle. All the brains, humans and macaques, were sectioned according to the same ventricular planes. The striatal bundle is made up of dense fascicles of very thin parallel axons. Sixty neurons located in the pars reticulata, lateralis, and compacta were reconstructed from serial sections. In the anterior pars reticulata and lateralis, the dendritic arborizations spread in all directions inside the striatal bundle. Below the pars compacta fringes, the dendrites of pars reticulata neurons extend ventrolaterally in the bundle. Because one nigral arborization can cover the whole thickness of the striatal bundle, we are led to believe that nigral neurons exert a role of convergence of the corticostriatal information similar to that of pallidal neurons (Percheron et al., '84a,b). The pars reticulata neurons appear to receive information mainly from the associative striatal territory. The pars lateralis neurons, conversely, appear to receive information from the sensorimotor territory. The anterior pars compacta neurons are organized in such a way that their ventral dendrites, located inside the pars reticulata, are ventrolaterally oriented, perpendicular to the striatal bundle. Their dorsal dendrites remaining in the pars compacta can receive other input. At more caudal levels, the posterior pars compacta neurons have dendrites radiating outside the striatal bundle.[1]


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