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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Membrane-associated sialidase of rat liver and its decrease in hepatomas.

Using the particulate fraction of tissue homogenate, plasma membrane-associated sialidase was assayed at pH 4.5 with bovine brain mixed gangliosides as the substrate. The activity was lower in rat hepatoma induced by 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene (MeDAB) and transplantable AH-109A rat hepatoma than in normal rat liver. The enzyme was almost quantitatively solubilized from liver particulate fraction by using 0.5% (w/v) sodium deoxycholate plus 0.2% (w/v) Triton X-100. When chromatographed on DEAE-cellulose, the solubilized activity emerged as a single peak. The enzyme thus obtained was maximally active at pH 4.5, and readily hydrolyzed mixed gangliosides but was less active toward 4-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-N-acetylneuraminic acid, 3'-sialyllactose and fetuin. The corresponding enzyme from MeDAB-induced hepatoma was indistinguishable from the liver enzyme in terms of ease of solubilization, pH-activity relationship, chromatographic behavior and substrate preference. It therefore appears that the plasma membrane-associated sialidase of hepatomas differs from that of liver only in the tissue level of activity.[1]


  1. Membrane-associated sialidase of rat liver and its decrease in hepatomas. Sagawa, J., Miyagi, T., Tsuiki, S. Jpn. J. Cancer Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
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