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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transpancreatic transport of digestive enzyme.

When porcine alpha-amylase or bovine chymotrypsinogen A was added to the medium bathing the rabbit pancreas in short-term organ culture, the secretion of these enzymes collected via the duct system increased greatly. To determine if it was indeed the amylase added to the bath that was recovered in secretion, endogenous enzyme stores were prelabeled during a 4 h incubation with [3H]-leucine and the specific radioactivity of amylase in secretion followed. The addition of unlabeled exogenous amylase to the bathing medium reduced the specific radioactivity of secreted amylase by about 90% suggesting that the response was due to the transpancreatic transport of the added enzyme. This inhibition was maintained over time, and was a result, not only of the increased secretion of unlabeled enzyme, but also of a 72% steady-state inhibition in the secretion of endogenous (labeled) amylase. This latter observation indicates that the exogenous enzyme crosses the acinar cell and mixes with endogenous cellular stores. A cellular route is also suggested by the observation that the addition of amylase to the bath increased the amylase concentration in ductal fluid relative to that in the bath by about 20 times; it did not reduce it as would be expected if paracellular shunts were involved. In addition, a cellular pathway is suggested by the observation that a 2 h prior incubation in bovine chymotrypsinogen resulted in a greatly augmented chymotrypsinogen response to a maximal cholinergic stimulus. In all, the data support the prediction of the equilibrium theory of digestive enzyme secretion that enzyme secretion should be responsive to mass action, and the prediction of the enteropancreatic circulation hypothesis that a capacity exists for a substantial transpancreatic flux of digestive enzyme.[1]


  1. Transpancreatic transport of digestive enzyme. Isenman, L.D., Rothman, S.S. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1979) [Pubmed]
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