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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Impairment of the calcium pump of human erythrocytes by divicine.

Divicine (2,6-diamino-4,5-dihydroxypyrimidine), an aglycone implicated in the pathogenesis of favism, produces a remarkable and consistent inactivation of the Ca2+-ATPase activity of the erythrocyte calcium pump. The patterns of inactivation are similar in normal and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient erythrocytes. Inactivation of Ca2+-ATPase is apparently unrelated to the cellular GSH system, to the proteolytic machinery of mature erythrocytes, and to calmodulin, and also occurs in hemoglobin-free, unsealed erythrocytes membranes at 50-100 microM concentrations of divicine. Analysis of erythrocytes that have escaped destruction during the acute hemolytic crisis of a number of favic patients revealed a dramatic elevation of erythrocyte calcium and a significant decrease of Ca2+-ATPase activity. These results support the view that divicine plays a toxic role in the pathogenesis of favism and suggest that acute electrolyte imbalances, mostly affecting calcium homeostasis, are involved in the mechanisms of erythrocyte damage and destruction in this hemolytic disease.[1]


  1. Impairment of the calcium pump of human erythrocytes by divicine. Benatti, U., Guida, L., Forteleoni, G., Meloni, T., De Flora, A. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1985) [Pubmed]
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