The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of granzymes A and B isolated from granules of cloned human cytotoxic T lymphocytes.

A human CD8+ CTL clone with cytolytic potential was shown to express two serine proteases, a 50-kDa homodimer and a 27-kDa monomer, which were purified from cytoplasmic granules. N-terminal sequencing of the purified proteins revealed that the 50-kDa homodimer is the gene product of the human Hanukah factor cDNA clone and that it represents the human homologue to granzyme A. Similarly, the 27-kDa protein was shown to be the serine esterase encoded by the human lymphocyte protease cDNA clone and corresponds to granzyme B. There was no evidence for the presence of other granzymes, in particular for the human homologues to murine granzymes C, D, E, and F. The substrate best cleaved by granzyme A was Gly-Pro-Arg-amido-4-methyl-coumarin after the Arg residue and the pH optimum was 8 to 8. 5. Upon triggering of the TCR-CD3 complex with an anti-CD3 mAb, granzyme A was released into the culture medium. Furthermore, a granule-associated hemolytic activity was detected after salt extraction and partial purification of granule proteins. This suggests that hemolytically active human perforin can be obtained from inactive granules.[1]


  1. Characterization of granzymes A and B isolated from granules of cloned human cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Krähenbühl, O., Rey, C., Jenne, D., Lanzavecchia, A., Groscurth, P., Carrel, S., Tschopp, J. J. Immunol. (1988) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities