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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alpha-linolenic acid deficiency in man: effect of ethyl linolenate on plasma and erythrocyte fatty acid composition and biosynthesis of prostanoids.

Treatment of human alpha-linolenic acid deficiency (ALAD) with ethyl linolenate is reported. The patient's scaly dermatitis nearly disappeared after 5-d supplementation with 0.1 mL ethyl linolenate. Pretreatment content of various n-3 fatty acids in RBC was 0-15% of healthy controls. After 14 d of supplementation, cholesterol and triglycerides were reduced by 70% of pretreatment values, 22:5n-3 and 22:6n-3 increased three- to fourfold while 18:3n-3 and 20:5n-3 remained low, indicating a rapid elongation and desaturation of 18:3n-3 in ALAD. Urinary excretion of PGI2-M was approximately 10 times higher than in healthy control subjects, while PGI3-M excretion was low. Linolenate supplementation increased PGI2-M excretion twofold, while PGI3-M remained near detection limit. Platelet capacity to synthesize TXA2, and urinary excretion of TXB2+3-M were nearly unaffected by supplementation. The results confirm that the minimal daily requirement of alpha-linolenic acid is 0.2-0.3% of total energy.[1]


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