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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Eructation of gas through the gastroesophageal sphincter before and after gastric fundectomy in dogs.

The gas eructation function of the gastroesophageal sphincter (GES) was investigated in 6 conscious, fed dogs before and after gastric fundectomy. Using a perfused 4-lumen catheter with a Dent sleeve, gastric and GES pressures were measured. To induce eructation, nitrogen gas was insufflated (440 ml/min) into the stomach through one channel of the catheter. After base-line studies were completed on each dog, fundectomy, to remove 30% of the stomach, was performed. Mean (+/- SEM) GES pressure was 45.3 +/- 3.3 mm of Hg before fundectomy and 41.4 +/- 1.9 mm of Hg after fundectomy (P greater than 0.05). Before fundectomy, treatment with metoclopramide or cisapride increased GES pressure to 62.2 +/- 4.1 mm of Hg (P less than 0.001) and 61.1 +/- 5.0 mm of Hg (P less than 0.05), respectively. Gastric contraction rates were the same, 4.92 +/- 0.24/min and 4.80 +/- 0.16/min before and after fundectomy, respectively. During insufflation, gastric pressures before eructation increased to 12.2 +/- 1.3 mm of Hg before fundectomy and to 13.6 +/- 0.9 mm of Hg after fundectomy (P greater than 0.05). Eructation occurred at intervals of 1.44 +/- 0.20 minutes before fundectomy and 1.56 +/- 0.13 minutes after fundectomy (P greater than 0.05). Before fundectomy, administration of metoclopramide or cisapride resulted in eructation intervals of 1.72 +/- 0.21 minutes and 1.39 +/- 0.02 minutes, respectively; these intervals were not significantly different from those measured in dogs not given drugs. After fundectomy, the GES pressure in 5 dogs decreased and remained low during insufflation. After a series of normal eructation intervals, multiple eructations were observed in 4 of these dogs. Fundectomy did not impair ability to eructate gas from the stomach.[1]

References

  1. Eructation of gas through the gastroesophageal sphincter before and after gastric fundectomy in dogs. Strombeck, D.R., Turner, W.D., Harrold, D. Am. J. Vet. Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
 
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