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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Cardiac manifestations in disorders of fat and carnitine metabolism in infancy.

The prognosis of patients with cardiomyopathy associated with hypocarnitinemia is uncertain. Cardiac hemodynamics, histologic findings and response to oral L-carnitine therapy were retrospectively evaluated in 11 children with cardiomyopathy associated with abnormal carnitine metabolism. Three had systemic carnitine deficiency, two familial hypocarnitinemia with neutropenia, three transient neonatal hypocarnitinemia and three a carnitine insufficiency syndrome. Six had a hypertrophic and five a dilated cardiomyopathy. Hypotonia was present in seven (64%). The cardiothoracic ratio was greater than 0.60 in eight (73%). The most frequent abnormality on the electrocardiogram was ST-T wave inversion in the left precordial leads with various degrees of left ventricular hypertrophy. Echocardiographically, two patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy had decreased left ventricular function and two patients with dilated cardiomyopathy had increased thickness of the left ventricular wall. Histologic evaluation (two autopsies and one endomyocardial biopsy) revealed striking lipid accumulation within hypertrophied myocytes. Six of eight patients on carnitine replacement therapy had improvement echocardiographically during a 3 month to 2 year follow-up period. In summary, both hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy can result from abnormal carnitine metabolism. The determination of plasma carnitine concentrations and fatty acid metabolism by-products should be performed in all patients with either form of cardiomyopathy of unknown etiology because carnitine supplementation may lead to improvement.[1]

References

  1. Cardiac manifestations in disorders of fat and carnitine metabolism in infancy. Ino, T., Sherwood, W.G., Benson, L.N., Wilson, G.J., Freedom, R.M., Rowe, R.D. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
 
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