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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Opposite effects of kappa-opioid agonists on gastric emptying of liquids and solids in dogs.

The influence of oral (p.o.) administration of kappa-(U-50488, tifluadom) and mu- (morphine, DAGO) opioid substances on gastric emptying of liquids and solids in a standard canned dog food meal was evaluated using a double-radiolabeled technique in dogs fitted with gastric cannulas. One hour after feeding, 28.6% +/- 3.6% (mean +/- SD) of the solid phase and 27.1% +/- 8.6% of the liquid phase of the meal had been emptied. Both U-50488 and tifluadom given orally (0.01-0.1 mg/kg) significantly increased (p less than 0.05) the 1-h emptying of the solid phase of the meal by 23.1%-49.6%. In contrast, both drugs significantly reduced emptying of liquids. These effects were not reproduced when similar doses were given intravenously. Oral administration of morphine or DAGO (0.01-0.1 mg/kg) did not affect gastric emptying, whereas an inhibited emptying of solids was observed for morphine at a higher dose (1 mg/kg p.o.). At a dose of 100 micrograms/kg i.v. both naloxone and MR 2266 (0.1 mg/kg) abolished the effects of orally administered U-50488 on gastric emptying of solids and liquids. It is concluded that kappa- but not mu-agonists act locally to alter gastric emptying of a standard meal in dogs, having opposite effects on solid and liquid phases. A selective local stimulation of kappa mucosal or submucosal receptors of the gastroduodenal area may explain such effects.[1]


  1. Opposite effects of kappa-opioid agonists on gastric emptying of liquids and solids in dogs. Gue, M., Fioramonti, J., Honde, C., Pascaud, X., Junien, J.L., Bueno, L. Gastroenterology (1988) [Pubmed]
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