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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of macrophage activation on phagocyte-Plasmodium interaction.

We investigated the effect of both immune and normal sera on the binding of free Plasmodium berghei by resident and activated macrophages. Resident macrophages bound plasmodia to a greater extent than did activated macrophages, regardless of treatment. Resident macrophages bound free plasmodia, predominantly trophozoites, in the presence of normal serum by a mechanism inhibited by N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylmannosamine. Macrophages activated through treatment with Propionibacterium acnes ("Corynebacterium parvum"), on the other hand, did not bind free plasmodia in the presence of normal serum through systems inhibited by N-acetylmannosamine or N-acetylglucosamine. The binding of free plasmodia by activated macrophages was greatest in the presence of immune serum and could be inhibited by immune complexes but not by N-acetylmannosamine or N-acetylglucosamine. These results suggest that a receptor for a carbohydrate component of a normal serum opsonin mediates initial adherence of plasmodial antigen onto resident macrophages, triggering both the immunological cascade and macrophage activation. After activation, the macrophages no longer have the carbohydrate-specific receptor but do have functional Fc receptors which mediate the adherence of immune-serum-opsonized plasmodia.[1]


  1. Effect of macrophage activation on phagocyte-Plasmodium interaction. Brown, K.M., Kreier, J.P. Infect. Immun. (1986) [Pubmed]
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