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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification of nonspecific lipid transfer protein (sterol carrier protein 2) from human liver and its deficiency in livers from patients with cerebro-hepato-renal (Zellweger) syndrome.

The nonspecific lipid transfer protein (i.e., sterol carrier protein 2) from human liver was purified to homogeneity using ammonium sulfate precipitation, CM-cellulose chromatography, molecular sieve chromatography and fast protein liquid chromatography. Its amino acid composition was determined and found to be very similar to that of the nonspecific lipid transfer protein from bovine and rat liver with, as main feature, the absence of arginine, histidine and tyrosine. By way of a specific enzyme immunoassay using affinity-purified antibodies, the levels of nonspecific lipid transfer protein were determined in human livers. Levels varied from approximately 150 ng nonspecific lipid transfer protein per mg 105,000 X g supernatant protein for juvenile and adult humans to 40 ng per mg supernatant protein for a young infant. Levels of nonspecific lipid transfer protein in livers of infants with cerebro-hepato-renal (Zellweger) syndrome were extremely low (i.e., 2 ng per mg supernatant protein). Immunoblotting revealed the presence of crossreactive proteins of molecular masses of 40,000 and 58,000. The 40 kDa and 58 kDa proteins occurred in control livers, whereas only the 40 kDa protein was present in Zellweger livers. As in rat the 58 kDa protein could be demonstrated in a peroxisomal preparation isolated from an adult liver. A possible link between the occurrence of nonspecific lipid transfer protein and the presence of peroxisomes is discussed.[1]


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