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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A bacterial calcium-binding protein homologous to calmodulin.

Many of the effects of calcium ions in eukaryotic cells are mediated by calcium-binding regulatory proteins such as calmodulin, in which each calcium-binding site has a distinctive helix-loop-helix conformation termed the EF hand. Protein S from the spore coat of the Gram-negative bacterium Myxococcus xanthus has been shown to resemble calmodulin in its internally-duplicated structure and ability to bind calcium. However, it has a beta-sheet secondary structure rather than the helix-loop-helix arrangement of the eukaryotic proteins. We have determined the complete amino-acid sequence of a calcium-binding protein from the Gram-positive bacterium "Streptomyces erythraeus" by cloning and sequencing the corresponding gene. It contains four EF-hand motifs bearing remarkable sequence similarity to the calcium-binding sites in calmodulin. This implies that the EF-hand super-family may have evolved from ancient proteins present in prokaryotes.[1]


  1. A bacterial calcium-binding protein homologous to calmodulin. Swan, D.G., Hale, R.S., Dhillon, N., Leadlay, P.F. Nature (1987) [Pubmed]
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