The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of glyoxylate in the regulation of biodegradative threonine dehydratase of Escherichia coli.

The activity of biodegradative threonine dehydratase of Escherichia coli K12 was reversibly inhibited by glyoxylate in the presence of AMP. Kinetic analysis showed that the inhibition was mixed with respect to L-threonine and competitive in terms of AMP; the inhibitory effect of glyoxylate was less pronounced at high protein concentrations. Incubation of dehydratase with L-threonine shifted the absorption maximum of the enzyme-bound pyridoxal phosphate from 413 to 425 nm; addition of glyoxylate completely prevented the threonine-mediated spectral shift. In addition to the inhibitory effect, incubation of purified enzyme with glyoxylate resulted in a progressive, irreversible inactivation of the enzyme and formation of inactive protein aggregates. The rates of inactivation were decreased with increasing concentrations of protein and AMP. During inactivation by glyoxylate, the 413-nm absorption maximum of the native enzyme was replaced by a new peak at 385 nm. Experiments with [14C]glyoxylate showed a rapid binding of 1 mol of glyoxylate per 147,000 g followed by a slow binding of 3 additional mol of glyoxylate; the glyoxylate-protein linkage was stable to acid precipitation and protein denaturants. Competition binding experiments revealed that pyruvate (which also inactivated the E. coli enzyme, Feldman, D.A., and Datta, P. (1975) Biochemistry 14, 1760-1767) did not interfere with the binding of glyoxylate or vice versa, suggesting that the two keto acids may occupy separate sites on the enzyme molecule. Nevertheless, experiments on enzyme inactivation using glyoxylate plus pyruvate reveal mutual interactions between these ligands in terms of lack of additive effect, retardation in the spectral shift due to glyoxylate, and stabilization of the enzyme in the presence and absence of AMP. We conclude from these results that the control of biodegradative threonine dehydratase is governed by a complex set of regulatory events resulting from reversible and irreversible association of these effectors with the enzyme molecule.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities