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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stimulation rate modulates effects of the dihydropyridine CGP 28 392 on cardiac calcium-dependent action potentials.

Calcium (Ca2+)-dependent action potentials were recorded from 22 mM potassium (K+)-depolarized guinea-pig papillary muscle at several different pacing frequencies in the absence and presence of CGP 28 392 (10 microM), a Ca2+ channel agonist. The maximum upstroke velocity (Vmax) of the slow response action potential was measured to determine relative changes in Ca2+ current as a function of pacing frequency. CGP 28 392 increased Vmax more than two fold at low rates of stimulation (1 or 12 pulses min-1), but had no significant effect on Vmax during rapid pulsing (200 pulses min-1). The enhancement of Vmax was dependent upon extracellular [K+]. Increasing extracellular [K+] from 22 mM to 27 mM suppressed the frequency-dependent agonist effects and increased the antagonist effects on Vmax. These results indicate that CGP 28 392 is a partial Ca2+-channel agonist and suggest that its effects on Ca2+ current are voltage-dependent.[1]


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