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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structural basis of anthracycline selectivity for unilamellar phosphatidylcholine vesicles: an equilibrium binding study.

Fluorescence anisotropy titration was used to determine the equilibrium binding affinities of several anthracycline antitumor antibiotics for sonicated dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) vesicles at 27.5 degrees C. Eight daunomycin analogues, all differing from the parent by one structural change in the aglycon portion of the molecule, as well as four anthracycline congeners modified in the amino sugar were studied. Double-reciprocal plots were used to determine overall binding affinities (K). It was shown that structural changes in both the aglycon and amino sugar portions of the daunomycin molecule strongly modulated K values for DMPC and DPPC bilayers. For modifications in the aglycon portion of an anthracycline, a correlation between drug hydrophobicity and membrane affinity was observed. The number of binding sites per phospholipid molecule (n) and the apparent association constant (Kapp) where K = nKapp, were determined at several temperatures for adriamycin, daunomycin, and carminomycin. The n values were found to be independent of temperature for fluid-phase DMPC or solid-phase DPPC bilayers. The Kapp values (25 degrees C) ranged from (0.82-4.4) X 10(5) M-1 for DMPC vesicles to (4.4-7.3) X 10(5) M-1 for DPPC vesicles. Although the Kapp values for the three drugs were similar for a particular bilayer, major differences were noted in the values of n and, therefore, in the overall vesicle affinities (nKapp). van't Hoff plots showed that anthracycline binding was exothermic; in all cases but one binding was accompanied by a decrease in entropy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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