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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phospholipid localization in the plasma membrane of Friend erythroleukemic cells and mouse erythrocytes.

The distribution of phospholipids over outer and inner layers of the plasma membranes of Friend erythroleukemic cells (Friend cells) and mature mouse erythrocytes has been determined. The various techniques which have been applied to establish the phospholipid localization include the following: phospholipase A2, phospholipase C, and sphingomyelinase C treatment, fluorescamine labeling of phosphatidylethanolamine, and a phosphatidylcholine transfer protein mediated exchange procedure. The data obtained with these different techniques were found to be in good agreement with each other. Phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylinositol were found to be distributed symmetrically over both layers of the plasma membrane of Friend cells. In contrast, sphingomyelin was found to be enriched in the outer layer of the membrane (80-85%), and phosphatidylserine appeared to be present mainly in the inner layer (80-90%). From these results, it was calculated that the outer and inner layers accounted for 46% and 54%, respectively, of the total phospholipid complement of that membrane. Analogous studies on the plasma membrane of mature mouse erythrocytes showed that the transbilayer distribution of the total phospholipid mass appeared to be the same as in the plasma membrane of the Friend cell, namely, 46% and 54% in outer and inner layers, respectively. The outer layer of this membrane contains 57% of the phosphatidylcholine, 20% of the phosphatidylethanolamine, 85% of the sphingomyelin, and 42% of the phosphatidylinositol, and none of the phosphatidylserine was present.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Phospholipid localization in the plasma membrane of Friend erythroleukemic cells and mouse erythrocytes. Rawyler, A., van der Schaft, P.H., Roelofsen, B., Op den Kamp, J.A. Biochemistry (1985) [Pubmed]
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