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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sequence of the precursor to rat bone gamma-carboxyglutamic acid protein that accumulates in warfarin-treated osteosarcoma cells.

A biosynthetic precursor to rat bone gamma-carboxyglutamic acid protein ( BGP) was isolated from warfarin-treated ROS 17/2 osteosarcoma cells by antibody affinity chromatography followed by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. Thirty-two residues of its NH2-terminal sequence were determined by gas-phase protein sequence analysis. Comparison of this sequence with the known structure of rat BGP established that the intracellular precursor is a 76-residue molecule of Mr = 9120 that differs from 6000-Da bone BGP in having an NH2-terminal extension of 26 residues. This precursor appears to be generated from the primary translation product by cleavage of a hydrophobic signal peptide and is the probable substrate for gamma-carboxylation by virtue of its accumulation in the presence of warfarin. The putative targeting region for gamma-carboxylation previously identified in the leader sequences of vitamin K-dependent proteins is found in the propeptide portion of the precursor. Since the immunoreactive component secreted by warfarin-treated cells is identical in sequence to the 6000-Da BGP from bone, propeptide cleavage from the precursor is independent of gamma-carboxylation and precedes secretion of BGP from the cell.[1]


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