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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Absence of hepatic molybdenum cofactor. An inborn error of metabolism associated with lens dislocation.

There are many causes of lens dislocation in man. Amongst these are two inborn errors of sulfur amino acid metabolism, viz., homocystinuria and sulfite oxidase deficiency. To date nine patients have been found in whom a combined deficiency of sulfite oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase was observed. This inherited disease is due to a defective synthesis of molybdenum cofactor, an essential component for the assembly of both enzymes. The main clinical symptoms of these patients were: facial dysmorphic features, severe feeding difficulties, mental retardation, abnormal muscle tone, severe seizures and myoclonia. Four out of nine patients had dislocated eye lenses. The main biochemical findings included hypouricemia, xanthinuria, an increased excretion of sulfite, thiosulfate, S-sulfocysteine, taurine and a decreased excretion of inorganic sulfate. The prognosis of the disease is poor; various attempts at treatment were not successful so far. Prenatal diagnosis by assay of sulfite oxidase in cultured amniotic fluid cells and by direct measurement of amniotic fluid S-sulfocysteine is possible.[1]


  1. Absence of hepatic molybdenum cofactor. An inborn error of metabolism associated with lens dislocation. Beemer, F.A., Duran, M., Wadman, S.K., Cats, B.P. Ophthalmic paediatrics and genetics. (1985) [Pubmed]
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