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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparative activity and toxicity of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (DDP) and a combination of doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and DDP in disseminated transitional cell carcinomas of the urinary tract.

From October 1978 to October 1981, 135 patients with disseminated transitional cell carcinomas of the urinary tract, with either measurable or evaluable disease, were randomized to receive either cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (DDP) or cyclophosphamide ( CTX), Adriamycin (ADR) (Adria Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio), and DDP ( CAD). DDP was given at a dose of 60 mg/m2, CTX at 400 mg/m2, and ADR at 40 mg/m2 intravenously every three weeks. Patients over the age of 65 and those with prior radiation received 75% of the dose initially. The dose was escalated if only mild toxicity developed. Of the patients on the CAD arm, 34% developed grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicity, as compared to 3% in patients on the DDP therapy. Of the 93 patients with measurable disease, 48 received DDP. Seventeen percent had a partial or complete remission, as compared to 33% of the 45 patients on the CAD arm (P = .09). The crude median survival of patients on DDP was 6.0 months as compared to 7.3 months in patients receiving CAD (P = .17). We conclude that the CAD combination is more toxic than DDP with, at best, very marginal benefit in survival.[1]


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