The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Proteolytic modification of the amino-terminal and carboxyl-terminal regions of rat hepatic phenylalanine hydroxylase.

Activation of rat liver phenylalanine hydroxylase by limited proteolysis catalyzed by chymotrypsin was investigated with the use of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and high pressure gel filtration. Both activation and proteolysis were decreased by the addition of the natural cofactor, (6R)-tetrahydrobiopterin. From chymotryptic digests of the hydroxylase carried out in the presence and absence of (6R)-tetrahydrobiopterin, several different enzyme species were isolated by high pressure gel filtration. One species (subunit Mr = 47,000) with unchanged hydroxylase activity was isolated from the chymotryptic digest in the presence of (6R)-tetrahydrobiopterin; it was derived from the native enzyme (Mr = 52,000) by cleavage of the COOH-terminal Mr = 5,000 portion of the native enzyme. In the absence of (6R)-tetrahydrobiopterin, another species (subunit Mr = 36,000) was isolated. In addition to modification at the COOH-terminal end of the molecule, this species also had lost a Mr = 11,000 fragment from the NH2-terminal end of the hydroxylase. The Mr = 11,000 fragment was shown to include the phosphorylation site of the enzyme. This Mr = 36,000 species was 30-fold more active than the native phenylalanine hydroxylase when assayed in the presence of tetrahydrobiopterin. These results suggest that the regulatory domain that inhibits hydroxylase activity in the basal state may be located at the NH2 terminus of the phenylalanine hydroxylase subunit.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities