The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The metabolism of N-hydroxyphenacetin in vitro and in vivo.

N-Hydroxyphenacetin (100 mg/kg) injected i.p. into rats rapidly appeared in the blood and disappeared with a t1/2 of 14 min; phenacetin and 4-acetamidophenol were major metabolites in blood. Ferrihaemoglobin was formed, but 4-nitrosophenetole was not detected in blood. N-Hydroxyphenacetin injected i.p. into rats was excreted in the urine unchanged (partly conjugated 2.1% of the dose, 2% was excreted as phenacetin, 19% as 4-acetamidophenol) and 1.8% as 2-hydroxyphenacetin. In addition, small amounts of 3-hydroxyphenacetin (0.4%) and traces of N-[4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl]acetamide (beta-HAP) (0.05%) were found. Time-course kinetics have shown that N-hydroxyphenacetin is metabolized in vitro to phenacetin, 2- and 3-hydroxyphenacetin, and 4-acetamidophenol by microsomal and cytosolic preparations of rat and rabbit liver. However, after the initial reaction, the formation of phenacetin and 2- and 3-hydroxyphenacetin did not continue with time, indicating that these products were not formed enzymically. N-Hydroxyphenacetin incubated with rat erythrocytes formed ferrihaemoglobin; the relationship between ferrihaemoglobin, phenacetin and 4-nitrosophenetole concn indicated that N-hydroxyphenacetin was oxidized by oxyhaemoglobin to acetyl 4-ethoxyphenyl nitroxide, which yielded phenacetin and 4-nitrosophenetole spontaneously.[1]


  1. The metabolism of N-hydroxyphenacetin in vitro and in vivo. Fischbach, T., Lenk, W. Xenobiotica (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities